Full Stack Development is an umbrella for numerous web development technologies. It involves project management, front-end as well as back-end techniques, database management system, and last but not least, quality assurance (QA). Don’t you prefer a full-stack development company that can leverage all services under one shell? If yes, then it is the right piece of information for you.
The development segment is highly evolving and has motivated many businesses to grow their online presence. Simultaneously, the need for full-stack developers is also growing over time. Hence, don’t you want to be a full-stack developer? If yes, then the article will help with this.
Simultaneously, we have discussed the skills required to be a full-stack developer. But first, you should know what Full Stack Development is?
What is Full Stack Web Development?
It refers to the development of both portions of the web application- the front end (known as; the client-side) and the back end (known as the server-side).
To be a full-stack web developer, the developer should have the knowledge and ability to design complete web applications and websites. They know front-end, backend, database, and debugging of applications or websites to develop.
Let’s discuss the technologies related to Full Stack development.
It is known as the client-side. It is responsible for user experience. It is managing what users interact with and see in the software. It is the visible part of the application or website. It helps the users to interact with the front-end portion of the applications or website. It is the user interface of the application.
Let’s discuss these front-end languages. These languages are used to build the front-end portion.
HTML:- HTML refers to Hyper Text Markup Language. Markup language helps in designing the front end of web pages. Hypertext describes the link between the web pages. The markup language is responsible for explaining the text documentation within the tag. HTML is the combination of Hypertext and Markup language
CSS:- CSS refers to Cascading style sheets. CSS simplifies the process of making the web presentable through its designed language. Due to CSS, you are allowed to style your web pages.
Let’s talk about some front-end frameworks and libraries:
SASS is the most mature, robust, and reliable CSS extension language. It helps in extending the utility of an existing CSS of a site.
Some other libraries and frameworks are- Express.js, Backbone.Js, UI, Foundation, Ember.Js, Materialize, etc.
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Back-end is the server-side development of the web application or website. Its primary focus is on how the website works. It receives and processes the request of users and the database used to store data. It is not a visual process. It is happening all behind the web applications. Through queries and APIs by client-side commands, it manages the database. It is the brain of a web application and is considered the logical side.
Some languages, frameworks, and libraries are used to build front-end portions. These languages, frameworks, and libraries are discussed below:-
PHP:- It is a server-side scripting language. It is specifically designed for web development. It is known as the server-side scripting language because its code is executed on the server-side.
C++:– It is a powerful general-purpose programming language. The developers use this programming language in competitive programming. The back-end portions of the web applications also use this language.
Java:- It is the most popular programming language and development program. The programmers use this language to develop mobile apps, websites, desktop apps, web apps, etc. All the components of Java are readily available.
Python:- Python is a general-purpose, high-level, interpreted computer programming language. It is not specialized for specific problems; it is used to create various programs. It helps you integrate systems more efficiently and work quickly.
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Some of the frameworks of the Back-end side are discussed below:
Express.Js:- It is a Node.js web application framework. It offers features for creating mobile applications and websites. It is generally used in developing multiple-page, single-page, and hybrid web applications.
Django:- It is a high-level Python framework. It is responsible for enabling the rapid development of secure and maintainable websites.
Laravel:- It is an open-source PHP Web framework developed by Taylor Orwell. It helps in authentication, caching, sessions, and routing of web projects.
Spring:- It is an open-source application framework. It helps in developing Java applications by offering infrastructure support. It is a lightweight framework.
Back-end Program Languages
Some of the back-end program languages are given below-
C#:-It is one of the general-purpose programming languages. It is used in programs and applications like cloud-based services, desktop apps, mobile applications, games, websites, and enterprise software.
Ruby:- It is one of the most popular programming languages. It is similar to Python. It is used on websites like Kickstarter, GitHub, Hulu, and Airbnb.
Go:- It is a general-purpose, open-source programming language. You can create reliable, simple, and efficient software with the help of this programming language.
Full-stack web development has three parts- front-end, back-end, and database. We have discussed the two parts above. Now it’s time to discuss the database’s third and last part of Full-stack development.
It is a systematic collection of interrelated data. It helps with in-store modification, retrieval, and deletion of data in data processing operations. It electronically organizes and manages the data in views, schemas, tables, and reports. Due to this, it is easily accessible and manageable.
Oracle:- It is a collection of data treated as a unit. It is responsible for storing and retrieving related information related to the query. It helps in solving the problems of information management.
MongoDB is an open-source NoSQL database management program and is used as an alternative to traditional relational databases. It is written in C++ language. It helps work with large sets of distributed data.
SQL:- It refers to Structured Query language. It is a standard database language that allows you to access and manipulate databases.
We have seen all three parts of Full-stack web development. Now let’s see some popular technology stacks.
M for MongoDB– It is a database.
E for Express.Js– It is a web framework.
N for Node.Js– Due to its single-threaded nature, it is used for non-blocking, event-driven servers.
Mean Stack is a collection of four technologies- MongoDB, Express.Js, React.Js, and Node.js. It is similar to Mean Stack development. The only difference is React.Js. React.Js is responsible for creating UIs specifically for single-page applications. Facebook maintains it.
It is an open-source solution stack used primarily in Web development. It is a combination of Linux, Apache, MySQL, and PHP.
Linux is responsible for an operating system.
Apache is a web server.
MySQL is a database management system.
PHP is a programming language for web applications.
We have discussed all the technologies, frameworks, languages, and popular stacks of Full Stack development. Now it’s time to see what skills are required to be a Full Stack developer. Before that, we have to discuss the difference between a Full Stack Developer and a Software engineer.
Full Stack developer has expertise in developing both client-side and client-side. They have also mastered HTML/CSS and know how to program a server, program a database, and program a browser. They are not only responsible for handling back-end operations, design, and maintaining the databases of the application but also help in testing and deploying the application as well.
Advantages of Being a Full Stack Developer
The developer can master all techniques related to the development process.
- Provide help to all team members.
- Rapidly making a prototype.
- Able to reduce the cost of the project.
- Help in making team time efficient.
- Know and can understand all the new and upcoming technologies.
Disadvantages of being a full stack developer
- Sometimes choosing a solution for a project may become wrong in the future.
- It is increasingly complex to be a full-stack developer.
- The solution chosen is dependent on developer skills.
A software engineer is a broader term than Full Stack developer. A software engineer is a person who has technical expertise not only in the field of software development but also works in analyzing and directing programming projects.
A full-stack developer is a part of a software development team where he/she focuses on specific elements like the front-end and back-end of the application. But a software engineer is not only focused on a specific area; he works on different elements of the applications like designing, architecture, and testing.
A software engineer has a degree in computer science and knowledge of different programming like Java, Swift, c++, c, etc.
Skills of A Full Stack Developer
We have divided the skills of a full-stack developer into two parts. One is technical skills, and the other is soft skills.
1. Front-end technology:
2. Back-end technology:
A Full-Stack developer should have knowledge and expertise in back-end technologies like PHP, C++, Java, Python, and frameworks like Express.Js, Laravel, Spring, etc.
3. Development language:
A full-stack developer must know at least back-end programming languages like Java, Python, Ruby, Go, C#, etc.
4. Database and cache:
Knowledge of DBMS is also required to be a full-stack developer. Database software like Oracle, MongoDB, SQL, etc. Caching mechanisms like Memcached, Varnish, Redis, etc.
5. Basic design ability:
To be a successful developer, a developer should know about designing also. The developer should know the basic prototype design and UI/UX design.
6. Version control system:
A developer can keep track of all the changes made in the codebase with the help of a version control system. Git can help the developer to understand the problems related to code. The developer must know Git to understand how to get the latest code, update parts, and change the other’s code without breaking them.
It is necessary to know the APIs and web services for a full-stack developer.
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A developer should have technical skills with soft skills. To be a full-stack developer in a firm or corporation, you should have both skills. Some soft skills of a full stack developer are-
- Developers must have time management skills.
- They must be curious to learn new technologies and skills.
- He must be a team player.
- Must know how to lead a team.
- Developers must coordinate with other teammates to achieve common goals.
- He must be an analytical thinker.
In the article, we have discussed and covered mostly each element of Full-stack development. We also discussed the components of full-stack and technologies related to their components. We also mentioned the skills required to be a full-stack developer. We hope that the article will be helpful for you and you can easily understand the full-stack development.